Dogs are used as models for genetic neuromuscular diseases. Dogs that are born with neuromuscular diseases are used for such research as their organs are of comparable size to humans, they live very close to humans thus environmental differences are minimum, and in purebred the entire pedigree is well preserved.

Neuromuscular disease in dogs is a very broad term that encompasses many diseases, which directly or indirectly impair the functioning of the muscles.

Neuromuscular diseases are those that affect the muscles and/or their nervous control. In general, problems with nervous control can cause either spasticity (a disorder of the central nervous system, in which certain muscles permanently and continually receive the commands to tighten and contract) or some degree of paralysis, depending on the location and the nature of the problem.

Surf through Links on the left and click on the topics to read more about the listed neuromuscular diseases.